Italy has welcomed more than a million migrants since 2013, while the death rate of those arriving in the country has exceeded 28,000.
According to Info Migrants, the number of migrants who died or went missing in Italy during the migration process began in the early 2010s, more precisely in 2013, when 368 migrants from Libya died.
The NGO Save the Children revealed that more than 28,000 migrants have died in the Mediterranean trying to reach Italy, including about 1,143 minors.
Four percent, or more than 100 minors, have died or disappeared in the Mediterranean this year, while 112,000 unaccompanied minors have arrived in Italy by sea since 2014. Since On January 1 this year, more than 11,600 minors crossed the Mediterranean and arrived in this country. alone. The number of migrants to Italy was highest in 2016, when 181,000 migrants arrived in the country, while in the years to come, the lowest number of arrivals was recorded between 2018 and 2020, when there were fewer than 30,000. people come to this country.
The landing and arrival of waves is almost always associated with war and economic and political crisis.
Last month, the Italian island of Lampedusa received about 12,000 migrants, more than double that island’s population. This has caused havoc in the city and although residents are trying to help the migrants, the issue remains very sensitive.
In an effort to stem the migration crisis, EU and Tunisian President Kais Said signed a new pact on migration, through which the African country was promised 900 million euros to support the economy and investment. Invest in the energy and development of young people. In addition to this amount, Tunisia was also promised an additional 100 million euros to protect border security with common priorities to combat irregular migration.
In mid-September, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni met with refugees and migrants in Lampedusa and also announced a ten-step plan to facilitate the migrate to that island.
We will increase support for the movement of migrants out of Lampedusa. We call on other Member States to use the voluntary solidarity mechanism and transfer migrants out of Italy. – Von der Leyen
The plan will include support agencies to increase support for returning migrants as well as establish operational partnerships in the fight against illegal trafficking. Overall, the European Commission intends, through this 10-point program, to increase support to Italy from the EUAA and Frontex, as well as to support the movement of people out of Lampedusa.