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UK mothers earned £4.44 less per hour than fathers in 2023

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Campaigners claim that the “motherhood penalty” is having a disastrous effect on women and the economy, given that new data shows that the UK’s father-to-mother pay gap has increased by almost £1 per hour since 2020.

In 2023, mothers earned 24% less per hour than fathers, or £4.44 per hour, according to a study on hourly wages of mothers and fathers that was published on International Women’s Day.

The analysis – which compares ONS data from January to March 2023 with the same period in 2020 – found that the median hourly pay was £18.48 for fathers compared with £14.04 for mothers.

And there are signs the situation is worsening, according to the campaign group Pregnant Then Screwed, which commissioned the analysis. It found the pay gap for median hourly pay between mothers and fathers had grown by 93p an hour since 2020, a 1.3% increase.

An increase in the cost of childcare and inflation since 2000 has made it “even harder for women to have children and earn a decent living”, said Joeli Brearley, the chief executive of Pregnant Then Screwed.

“These issues are silently eroding the careers of mothers, and unless they are prioritised by our government and by employers, this pay gap will continue to wreak havoc on women, families and our economy,” she said.

While the gender pay gap has been declining slowly over several decades, progress appears to have stalled in recent years. In 2023, the gap between full-time employees increased to 7.7%, from 7.6% in 2022, but decreased to 14.3% from 14.4% among all employees.

Caring responsibilities mean women often have to put their careers on hold and are more likely to work part-time – about 15% of men work part-time compared with about 42% of women, meaning the motherhood penalty accounts for almost all of the gender pay gap, said Brearley.

“It is a serious issue which ensures women have less power and autonomy than men,” she said. “It also contributes to rising child poverty – children aren’t poor by themselves, they are poor because their mothers are poor.”

According to analysis by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, the average earnings of men are “almost completely unaffected by parenthood”, but women’s earnings fall sharply after they have children and stabilise at a much lower level with little growth – seven years after the birth of a first child, women’s earnings are on average less than half of men’s.

The research, which comes ahead of Mother’s Day on Sunday, shows that in the first three months of last year, mothers earned 43% less than fathers (£442 v £769) based on median weekly earnings.

“Much as we all love breakfast in bed and a bunch of flowers, what women really want for Mother’s Day is quality affordable childcare, workplaces fit for the 21st century and an end to pregnancy discrimination,” said Jemima Olchawski, the chief executive of the Fawcett Society.

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Daily Dazzling Dawn is the first and only international and non-profitable newspaper, which is 100% ownership of professional journalists from Bangladeshi origin with 20 years of experience in global journalism. The main aim of the newspaper is promoting ethical journalism with truth, accuracy and proficiency.

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Dulal Ahmed Chowdhury

Dulal Ahmed Chowdhury is the Editor of The Daily Dazzling Dawn. Previously, he has been serving in important positions in all the famous national dailies of the Bangladesh since the nineties. He has played a commendable role in journalism by participating in various events at the national and international levels. United Nations Conference, World Climate Conference, SAARC Summit are notable among them.

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