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Delhi world’s ‘most polluted’ capital city: report

India has seen a lot of development in the past few decades, but poor industrial regulation means that factories do not follow pollution-control measures. Rapid construction has also contributed to rising levels of pollution. The report by IQAir said that India's average level of PM2.5 - fine particulate matter that can clog lungs and cause a host of diseases - was 54.4 micrograms per cubic metre. Globally, air that has 12 to 15 micrograms per cubic metre of PM2.5 is considered safe to breathe, while air with values above 35 micrograms per cubic metre is considered unhealthy. Delhi's air quality was worse than India's overall air quality with the city having a PM2.5 reading of 92.7 micrograms per cubic metre. Delhi struggles with bad air around the year, but the air gets particularly toxic during winter. This happens due to various factors, including burning of crop remains by farmers in nearby states, industrial and vehicular emissions, low wind speeds and bursting of firecrackers during festivals. Last year, the government shut schools and colleges for several days in a row due to the toxic air. Meanwhile, the northern Indian city of Beguserai and the northeastern city of Guwahati were ranked as the two most polluted cities in the world. Only seven countries met the World Health Organization (WHO)'s annual PM2.5 guideline, which is an annual average of 5 micrograms per cubic metre or less. These include Australia, New Zealand, Iceland and Finland. According to IQAir, this data was gathered from more than 30,000 air quality monitoring stations positioned in 134 countries, regions and territories.
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An organization that monitors air quality in Switzerland has determined that Delhi was the most polluted capital city globally in 2023.

After Bangladesh and Pakistan, India, whose capital is Delhi, was named as the third most polluted nation in the world by IQAir.

It continued, saying that since 2022, when it ranked seventh most polluted, the nation’s air quality has gotten worse.

Many Indian cities have significant problems with air pollution.

Experts claim that the nation’s rising pollution is a result of both the country’s quick industrialization and lax implementation of environmental regulations.

India has seen a lot of development in the past few decades, but poor industrial regulation means that factories do not follow pollution-control measures. Rapid construction has also contributed to rising levels of pollution.

The report by IQAir said that India’s average level of PM2.5 – fine particulate matter that can clog lungs and cause a host of diseases – was 54.4 micrograms per cubic metre.

Globally, air that has 12 to 15 micrograms per cubic metre of PM2.5 is considered safe to breathe, while air with values above 35 micrograms per cubic metre is considered unhealthy.

Delhi’s air quality was worse than India’s overall air quality with the city having a PM2.5 reading of 92.7 micrograms per cubic metre.

Delhi struggles with bad air around the year, but the air gets particularly toxic during winter.

This happens due to various factors, including burning of crop remains by farmers in nearby states, industrial and vehicular emissions, low wind speeds and bursting of firecrackers during festivals.

Last year, the government shut schools and colleges for several days in a row due to the toxic air.

Meanwhile, the northern Indian city of Beguserai and the northeastern city of Guwahati were ranked as the two most polluted cities in the world.

Only seven countries met the World Health Organization (WHO)’s annual PM2.5 guideline, which is an annual average of 5 micrograms per cubic metre or less.

These include Australia, New Zealand, Iceland and Finland.

According to IQAir, this data was gathered from more than 30,000 air quality monitoring stations positioned in 134 countries, regions and territories.

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Dulal Ahmed Chowdhury

Dulal Ahmed Chowdhury is the Editor of The Daily Dazzling Dawn. Previously, he has been serving in important positions in all the famous national dailies of the Bangladesh since the nineties. He has played a commendable role in journalism by participating in various events at the national and international levels. United Nations Conference, World Climate Conference, SAARC Summit are notable among them.

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